The 18th- and 19th-century military fortifications of Quebec City are remarkably well-kept, making Quebec the only city in North America with standing city walls. The current star-shaped fortifications date to the 19th century and were built by the British to repel a possible American invasion. Fans of military regalia will enjoy the Citadelle’s daily changing of the guard ceremonies at 10am.
Outside the city walls along the river is the Plains of Abraham Battlefield Park, where in 1759 British forces defeated the French, laying claim to what remained of French North America. The park is now used for public events, sports, and leisure. In the winter, try cross-country skiing or snowshoeing on paths along the St. Lawrence River’s edge.